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Analyze Bubbles of Laminated Glass(Smart Glass)with EVA INTERLAYER FILM

By Peter Lin

++What People May Think, When They Face Bubbles
When some customers processing laminated glass with EVA INTERLAYER
FILM, bubbles appear inside the laminated glass, People would always
think in this way:

1-The EVA INTERLAYER FILM I ordered last time, didn't have bubbles
problem, why this time the bubbles is coming out, that's definitely
the reason of the quality of EVA INTERLAYER FILM.

2-Some customers face this situation. Maybe they don't use EVA
INTERLAYER FILM very much, so they don't finish the one roll of EVA
INTERLAYER FILM in a short period. They used two thirds of the roll of
EVA INTERLAYER FILM, and after several weeks, they go back to use the
left part of the roll. But this time the bubbles coming out, they are
very confused. How come the same roll of EVA INTERLAYER FILM has
different quality?

3-Some customer may just change the new EVA INTERLAYER FILM supplier
and the bubbles comes out. Even their new supplier tell them it's all
about the processing , they would not believe him, they would think
it's of course the problem of the quality of your EVA INTERLAYER FILM,
because the EVA INTERLAYER FILM of my older supplier don't have this
bubbles problem.

++General Reasons for Bubbles
Many Laminated glass producers have misconception of the reasons of
the bubbles problems. Here is the real why:

1-First situation: the temperature is too high, maybe more than 160
degree, which will cause the EVA and other compound to break down and
create gas. In this way, it's just reducing your temperature, and
everything would be fine.

2-Second situation: the temperature in the oven is not average, which
means some part of the glass, is hotter than others. So some part of
the EVA INTERLAYER FILM will melt and finish the cross-link reaction
while other parts of EVA INTERLAYER FILM is still not melted, which
will interrupt the vacuuming and cause the bubbles. For this
situation, we suggest you modified the lamination machine.

3-Third situation: the Vacuum machine is old or the vacuum ability is
not good enough. If the vacuum machine is old, renew it. If the vacuum
ability is not powerful enough, try to buy a new one.

4-Four situation: the air moisture is high. The moisture in the air in
your region is changed, which will easily cause the EVA INTERLAYER
FILM wet when it exposes in the air. Moisture in the EVA INTERLAYER
FILM would cause the bubbles. Although the EVA INTERLAYER FILM is less
sensitive to moisture compared with PVB FILM. But if the moisture of
EVA INTERLAYER FILM is too high, the bubbles will also come out.

Some customer open the packaged of one roll of EVA INTERLAYER FILM,
and don't use it up at one time. And the left part of the EVA
INTERLAYER FILM will absorb the moisture in the air and cause the

5-Five Situation: Different EVA INTERLAYER FILM supplier has different
formula for EVA INTERLAYER FILM, so if you change the EVA INTERLAYER
FILM supplier, you need to adjusting the processing parameters
according to the supplier's EVA INTERLAYER FILM property.

++Micro Reasons for Bubbles:
1-The plainness of the tempered glass is bad.

--As you known, tempered glass is less plain than the flat glass. So
you should choose a company that produce better tempered glass.

-- Since the tempered glass's plainness is worse than flat glass, you
should use thicker EVA INTERLAYER FILM for the tempered glass.
Generally speaking, the tempered glass should be laminated with at
least 0.76 mm thickness EVA INTERLAYER FILM.

--Laminate less layers "pre- laminated glass" in a silicon bag at a
time. If you laminate too many layers "pre-laminated glass" in a
silicon bag at one time, the vacuuming would not work perfect and
cause the bubbles.

--If you laminated small pieces "pre-laminated glasses" at the same
time, put the "pre –laminated glasses" on the fabric, which will help
vacuum, and the fabric should cover the vacuum hole to make sure the
vacuum hole is not sealed by the silicone bag itself.

2-Check if the silicon bag is leaking.

--Averagely speaking, a silicon bag can be used for 2 or mare years.
But check the silicon bag if your laminated glasses have bubbles.

--Check the sealing buckle of the edge of the silicon bag is sealed
perfectly when processing laminated glass with EVA INTERLAYER FILM.

3-It's too early to put the laminating glass out of the oven,
The temperature of laminated glass is still very high and the EVA
INTERLAYER FILM is still melting and reacting. When the laminated
glass is getting cold, the melted EVA INTERLAYER FILM is contracting,
and the EVA INTERLAYER FILM can't fully fill the gap between two
glasses, so bubbles come out in edges.

4-It's too early to stop the vacuuming.

And the cross link reaction of the EVA INTERLAYER FILM is not totally
finished and stable. And also the silicon bag would suck same air back
in to the bag, which cause the bubbles. So generally speaking, don't
stop vacuuming until the temperature of the laminated glass is lower
than 45 degrees.

Notes:Always remember you put the wire net on the vacuuming hole to
make sure the vacuuming is not stop by the laminated glass upon the

++Case Study: Bubbles of Laminated Glass with EVA INTERLAYER FILM

We have seen a situation in this way: Bubbles comes out in the
Laminated Glass. And we checks all the details of vacuuming and
vacuuming is definitely no problem.
But the bubbles still comes out in the laminated glass. And the
bubbles are regular and on lines.
Finally we realized that the bubble lines are right upon the heating pipes.

So we reduced the temperatures and did the test. Then no bubbles comes
out, but some part of laminated glass is not very transparent.

So we know the reason:
Because the heating pipes are under silicon bag, when laminating
glass, the part of laminated glass right upon the heating pipes are in
higher temperature. And the temperature inside the oven is not in
Remember that when the temperature is too high, the copolymer and
compound will be breaking up and produce gas which would cause bubbles
inside laminated glass.
So It's better of you can talk to the EVA Glass Lamination Oven
producer to modify the oven.

If you need any other information, please feel free to contact us.

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